Design and fabrication of polymer micro/nano composites with two-level mechanical reinforcing procedure


Kandemir A. C. , Donmez F., Davut K., Can H. K.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.26717
  • Journal Name: POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: biocompatibility, blends, composites, mechanical properties, nanocomposites, LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE, BEHAVIOR, PYRROLIDONE), HALLOYSITE, NANOTUBES, TENSILE, WASTE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Biocompatible composite production was accomplished by utilizing two-level hierarchical approach for mechanical reinforcement. A well-known commodity polymer; low-density polyethylene (LDPE), which has high-fracture toughness, yet low strength and modulus was used as the main matrix material. As the first step of hierarchy, ductile LDPE was blended with brittle polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), which is an eco-friendly, nontoxic and biocompatible polymer. This resulted in slight decrease of strength and drastic reduction of toughness (%70), yet modulus was increased by 78%. As the second level of hierarchy, PVP composites were introduced in LDPE. Nano-scaled Halloysite clay and micro-scaled spherical Silica particles were utilized as additives in the aforementioned PVP composites. The reason for the choice of these particles is that they are nontoxic, low-cost and in the case of Halloysite; abundant in nature. Owing to the implementation of the second level; modulus improvement was further enhanced to 150%, with additional benefits of strength increase up to 17% and less reduction in fracture toughness (minimum 51% reduction). Dynamic mechanical analysis also supported these outcomes that storage modulus of composites are higher than both LDPE and LDPE-PVP blend. The proposed biocompatible composites in the end of this study would be utilized in biomedical applications necessitating mechanical improvements.