Flotation of a copper sulphide ore from Okiep using thiol collectors and their mixtures


HANGONE G., BRADSHAW D. J. , Ekmekci Z.

JOURNAL OF THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING AND METALLURGY, cilt.105, ss.199-206, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 105 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING AND METALLURGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.199-206

Özet

This paper investigates the effects of thiol collectors: xanthates, dithiophosphates, dithiocarbamates and mixtures of these on the froth flotation performance obtained with a bornite-rich copper sulphide ore from Okiep Copper Mine with a feed grade of 1.8% copper. Batch flotation tests were used to assess the performance in terms of mass-water recovery, sulphur grade-recovery and copper grade-recovery relationships and the Klimpel rate constant for copper recovery. The results showed that the di-ethyl-dithiocarbarnate (di C2-DTC) was the weakest collector of copper sulphide minerals. Highest copper recoveries were obtained with the di-ethyldithiophosphate (di C2-DTP), which were accompanied with more watery froths and lower copper grades demonstrating frothing properties in addition to collector action. Superior copper recoveries were obtained with the 90% ethyl xanthate (C2-X): 10% di-ethyldithiophosphate (di C2-DTP) and 90% ethyl xanthate (C2-X):10% di-ethyl-dithiocarbamate (di C2-DTC) collector mixtures compared to that obtained with ethyl xanthate at an equivalent collector dosage of 0.139 mol/ton ore (a dosage equivalent to 20 g sodium ethyl xanthate per ton ore). A superior copper grade was obtained with the 90% ethyl xanthate:10% di-ethyl-dithiocarbamate collector mixture at a dosage of 0.0695 mol/ton ore compared to that obtained with ethyl xanthate at the same equivalent dosage.