Galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: normative data and the effect of age

AVCI N. B., Polat Z., Atas A.

BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY, vol.88, no.4, pp.556-561, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2020.07.016
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.556-561
  • Keywords: Age effect; Galvanic stimulation; Normalization; P1 and N1 latency; Vestibular evoked myogenic potential, VESTIBULOCOLLIC REFLEXES, SCARPAS GANGLION, NERVE AFFERENTS, RESPONSES, NUMBER, CLICK
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: Galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potentials evaluate vestibular nerve responses using electric stimulation by records collected from the sternocleidomastoid muscle. A normal vestibular evoked myogenic potential response consists of the first positive, P1, and negative, N1, peaks. The response can be affected by factors such as age and gender and is also consequential in the diagnosis of pathologies. Objectives: The present study was performed to obtain normative data on healthy adults, to help in diagnosis by establishing clinical norms as well as to investigate changing test parameters with age in galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potentials. Methods: A total of 100 healthy participants were included in the study. Galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potential (current 3 mA, duration 1 ms) was performed randomly on both ears of each participant. The participants between the ages of 18-65 (mean age 39.7 +/- 13.9) were divided into 5 groups according to their ages. Normative data of galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potentials parameters were calculated in groups and in total, and age-related changes were examined. Results: The galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potential waveform was elicited from all participants (200 ears). The latency of P1 and N1 was 7.82 +/- 3.29 ms and 22.06 +/- 3.95 ms, respectively. The P1-N1 amplitude value was 66.64 +/- 24.5 mu V. The percentage of vestibular asymmetry was 16.29 +/- 11.99%. The latencies of P1 and N1 and P1-N1 amplitude values demonstrated significant differences among different age groups (p < 0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study show that as age increased, latencies were prolonged, and amplitudes gradually decreased. The normative data aids in the diagnosis of retrolabyrinthine lesions and the increase in the clinical use of galvanic vestibular evoked myogenic potentials.