Radical cystectomy (RC) continues to evolve as a surgical option in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder tumors. For quality improvement in surgery, good surgical quality should be defined after which the predictors for a successful surgery should be determined. Improving the quality of RC surgery for muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients means " longer survival". Major factors which affect surgical quality, are; hospital capacity and environment, experience and skills of surgeons, lymph nodes removals and range of lymphadenectomy, types of urinary diversion and perioperative mortality and morbidity rates of patients. In order to achieve higher surgical quality and in consequence a better quality of life, improved oncological outcomes and all above mentioned factors should be taken into consideration.