Effect of gamma-irradiation on aqueous solutions of Apollofix dyes

Solpan D., Torun M., Guven G.

NUKLEONIKA, vol.52, no.3, pp.109-113, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Journal Name: NUKLEONIKA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.109-113
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Radiation processing has been considered as a promising process for the treatment of textile industry waste effluents. In this study, the possibility of using gamma-rays to degrade and decolorize Apollofix dyes in water has been investigated. Two different Apollofix dyes, Apollofix Red (AR) and Apollofix Yellow (AY) in aqueous solutions were irradiated in air with doses from 1.0 kGy to 8.0 kGy at a 0.14 kGy/h of dose rate. The change in absorption spectra, pH, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD) and the degree of decoloration (percent reduction in optical density) were examined in the presence and absence of H2O2. The absorption bands at 534 mn and 420 nm for AR and AY were observed to decrease rapidly with increasing irradiation dose. The degree of decoloration of each dye solution with irradiation dose was estimated as 100 percent for the lower concentration (50 ppm) dye solutions. The complete decoloration was observed after 2.0 kGy and 1.0 kGy doses for AR and AY dyes. The COD and BOD reduction and the change of pH for all dye solutions on irradiation showed similar behavior.