Irradiation testing of nuclear fuel is routinely performed in nuclear test reactors. For qualification and licensing of accident-tolerant fuels or generation IV reactor fuels, an extensive increase in irradiation testing is foreseen in order to fill the gaps of existing validation data, both in normal operational conditions and in order to identify operational limits. Gamma emission tomography (GET) has been demonstrated as a viable technique for studies of the behavior of irradiated nuclear fuel, e.g., measurement of fission gas release and inspection of fuel behavior under loss-of-coolant accident conditions. In this work, the aim is to improve the technique of GET for irradiated nuclear fuel, by developing a detector concept that allows for a higher spatial resolution and/or faster interrogation. We present the working principles of a novel concept for gamma emission tomography using a segmented high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. The performance of this concept was investigated using the Monte Carlo particle transport code MCNP. In particular, the data analysis of the proposed detector was evaluated, and the performance, in terms of full energy efficiency and misidentification rate (i.e., localization failure), was assessed. We concluded that the segmented HPGe detector has an advantageous performance as compared to the traditional single-channel detector systems. Due to the scattering nature of gamma rays, a trade-off is presented between efficiency and cross-talk; however, the performance is nevertheless a substantial improvement over the currently used single-channel HPGe detector systems.