The development and initial tests for the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S)


ARPACI İ., KARATAŞ K., BALOĞLU M.

PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol.164, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 164
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.paid.2020.110108
  • Journal Name: PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, EBSCO Education Source, Index Islamicus, Psycinfo, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Phobia, Scale development, C19P-S, MENTAL-HEALTH-SERVICES, CORONAVIRUS OUTBREAK, EPIDEMIOLOGY, ANXIETY, WUHAN, CHINA
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Researchers predict that the negative effects of the novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic will continue . These negative effects are not solely limited to psycho-pathological problems. Serious physiological, social, and economical difficulties due to COVID-19 have already been observed in various nations. In this study, we suggest a new type of specific phobia, which may be categorized under DSM-V 300.29. The current study developed a self-report instrument whose items address the specific phobia diagnosis criteria of the DSM-V and tested its initial psychometric properties. Results show that the scale has initial evidence of construct, convergent, and discriminant validity, and internal consistency reliability. The scale should be further tested; however, the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S) items provide support for assessing the levels of phobia reactions among a wide range of age groups.