A microchip sensor for calcium determination

Caglar P., Tuncel S. A., Malcik N., Landers J. P., Ferrance J. P.

ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.386, no.5, pp.1303-1312, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


A newly designed glass-PDMS microchip-based sensor for use in the determination of Ca2+ ions has been developed, utilizing reflectance measurements from arsenazo III (1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulfonic acid-2,7-bis[(azo-2)-phenyl arsenic acid]) immobilized on the surface of polymer beads. The beads, produced from cross-linked poly(p-chloromethylstyrene) (PCMS), were covalently modified with polyethylenimine (PEI) to which the Arsenazo III could be adsorbed. The maximum amount of Arsenazo III which could be immobilized onto the PEI-attached PCMS beads was found to be 373.71 mg g(-1) polymer at pH 1. Once fabricated, the beads were utilized at the detection point of the microfluidic sensor device with a fiber optic assembly for reflectance measurements. Samples were mobilized past the detection point in the sensor where they interact with the immobilized dye. The sensor could be regenerated and re-used by rinsing with HCl solution. The pH, voltage, linear range, and the effect of interfering ions were evaluated for Ca2+ determination using this microchip sensor. At the optimum potential, 0.8 kV, and pH 9.0, the linear range of the microchip sensor was 3.57 x 10(-5) - 5.71 x 10(-4) M Ca2+, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.68 x 10(-5) M. The microchip biosensor was then applied for clinical analysis of calcium ions in serum with good results.