Transient and passage to steady state in fluid flow and heat transfer within fractional models


TÜRKYILMAZOĞLU M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR HEAT & FLUID FLOW, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/hff-04-2022-0262
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR HEAT & FLUID FLOW
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Start-up process, Fractional diffusion, Fluid flow, Heat transfer, Closed-form solution, Fractional time regimes, DIFFUSION-EQUATIONS, SPACE

Abstract

Purpose The classical integer derivative diffusionmodels for fluid flow within a channel of parallel walls, for heat transfer within a rectangular fin and for impulsive acceleration of a quiescent Newtonian fluid within a circular pipe are initially generalized by introducing fractional derivatives. The purpose of this paper is to represent solutions as steady and transient parts. Afterward, making use of separation of variables, a fractional Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue task is posed whose eigenvalues and eigenfunctions enable us to write down the transient solution in the Fourier series involving also Mittag-Leffler function. An alternative solution based on the Laplace transform method is also provided. Design/methodology/approach In this work, an analytical formulation is presented concerning the transient and passage to steady state in fluid flow and heat transfer within the diffusion fractional models. Findings From the closed-form solutions, it is clear to visualize the start-up process of physical diffusion phenomena in fractional order models. In particular, impacts of fractional derivative in different time regimes are clarified, namely, the early time zone of acceleration, the transition zone and the late time regime of deceleration. Originality/value With the newly developing field of fractional calculus, the classical heat and mass transfer analysis has been modified to account for the fractional order derivative concept.