Evolution of Counseling in Jamaica: Past, Present, and Future Trends

Palmer G. J. , Palmer R. W. , Payne-Borden J.

JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND DEVELOPMENT, vol.90, no.1, pp.97-101, 2012 (SSCI) identifier identifier


Counseling maintains a small yet growing presence in Jamaica as a profession. Practitioners are confronted with several societal problems. The authors provide a historical overview of Jamaica and a synopsis of the development of counseling. The emergence of counseling services through the limitations of psychiatry and psychology sets the stage for current practices and notable involvement of guidance counselors. It is concluded that the continued growth and effectiveness of counseling is dependent on overcoming negative attitudes and economic barriers.