During the Turkish National Struggle, the previously hostile relations between the Ottoman State and the Russian Tsardom were replaced by cooperation, and these cooperative relations were maintained following the changes in regime in both countries until the end of World War II. This cooperation can also be observed in the agricultural sector. The founders of Soviet Russia regarded the peasant class as both a potential power and a vital factor in the efforts towards development, and they took important steps to overcome the problems inherited from the Tsardom within the new economic regime. Soviet Russia, which developed its agriculture by setting up state farms and collective farms, set a good example to Turkey, which was willing to make similar improvements in this area. The new Republic's higher bureaucracy of agriculture, represented mainly by figures like Mehmet Sabri Toprak and Tahsin Coskan, investigated Soviet agriculture during their official trips, and they were influenced by the Soviet system of agriculture and animal husbandry.