Biomechanical evaluation of a new design titanium miniplate for the treatment of mandibular angle fractures

SUER B. T., Kocyigit I. D., Kaman S., TÜZ H. H., Tekin U., Atil F.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.43, no.7, pp.841-845, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The optimal management of mandibular angle fractures remains controversial. The aim of this experimental study was to test the stability and resistance to mechanical force of a new titanium miniplate design. Thirty fresh sheep hemimandibles, sectioned at the angle region, were used to evaluate two plating techniques. One group received fixation via a new design single non-compression titanium miniplate and the second group via a six-hole straight non-compression titanium miniplate. A custom-made biomechanical test model was used for the samples. Each hemimandible was subjected to compressive and tensile forces using an Instron machine. The biomechanical forces (N) that caused 4-mm displacement or fixation loosening were compared. Comparison between the groups showed that fixation with the new design miniplate had more resistance to lateral compression forces than with a six-hole straight miniplate (P < 0.009). Moreover, the new design miniplate fixation displayed more resistance to vertical compression and tensile forces (P > 0.46 and P > 0.61, respectively). The study demonstrated that mandibular fracture fixation with the new design non-compression titanium miniplate offered greater resistance to lateral displacement forces and may also provide increased resistance to vertical compressive and tensile forces than a conventional six-hole straight miniplate.