The role of eABR with intracochlear test electrode in decision making between cochlear and brainstem implants: preliminary results


Cinar B. C. , YARALI M. , ATAY G. , BAJİN M. D. , SENNAROĞLU G. , SENNAROĞLU L.

EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, cilt.274, ss.3315-3326, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 274 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00405-017-4643-3
  • Dergi Adı: EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.3315-3326

Özet

The objective of the study was to discuss the findings of intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem response (eABR) test results with a recently designed intracochlear test electrode (ITE) in terms of their relation to decisions of cochlear or auditory brainstem implantation. This clinical study was conducted in Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from inner ear malformation (IEM) database. Eleven subjects with profound sensorineural hearing loss were included in the current study with age range from 1 year 3 months to 4 years 3 months for children with prelingual hearing loss. There was only one 42-year-old post-lingual subject. eABR was recorded with an ITE and intraoperatively with an original cochlear implant (CI) electrode in 11 cases with different IEMs. Findings of eABR with ITE and their relation to the decision for CI or auditory brainstem implant (ABI) are discussed. Positive eABR test results were found to be dependent on close to normal cochlear structures and auditory nerve. The probability of positive result decreases with increasing degree of malformation severity. The prediction value of eABR via ITE on decision for hearing restoration was found to be questionable in this study. The results of eABR with ITE have predictive value on what we will get with the actual CI electrode. ITE appears to stimulate the cochlea like an actual CI. If the eABR is positive, the results are reliable. However, if eABR is negative, the results should be evaluated with preoperative audiological testing and MRI findings.