The effects of smoking on dry eye parameters in healthy women

Acar D. E., ACAR U., Tunay Z. O., Ozdemir O., Germen H.

CUTANEOUS AND OCULAR TOXICOLOGY, vol.36, no.1, pp.1-4, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Aim: To investigate the effects of chronic smoking on dry eye parameters.Methods: Ocular surface disease index (OSDI) and tear function tests such as Schirmer's test, tear break-up-time (TBUT) test and impression cytology of 63 female chronic smokers and 40 age-matched female non-smokers were analyzed statistically.Results: The mean OSDI scores, Schirmer test results and TBUT levels were 35.8524.01 point, 14.25 +/- 5.94mm and 5.17 +/- 2.85s in chronic smokers and 15.20 +/- 12.93 point, 15.48 +/- 7.01mm and 10.03 +/- 3.44s in non-smokers, respectively. Differences in OSDI scores, TBUT levels and impression cytology grades among the chronic smokers and non-smokers were statistically significant.Conclusion: Smoking behavior seems to affect the dry eye parameters negatively.