The results of empirical studies focusing on gender differences in subjective wellbeing based on either national or comparative international data are inconclusive.
In Turkey, where levels of gender inequality are high, women tend to report higher
levels of life satisfaction than men. This study investigates the relationship between
factors related to women’s empowerment and life satisfaction for both ever-married
and never-married women using the 2018 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey
(TDHS), which collected data on life satisfaction for the first time in a TDHS series.
The results show that in addition to their material resources and living environment,
factors related to women’s agency – i.e., education and participation in decisionmaking – are associated with women’s levels of life satisfaction.