Turkey, a candidate for full membership in European Union, aims to raise standards of education system to European countries level. Turkish education system in this direction to achieve their goals in all aspects, from preschool to university education is required to make new arrangements. Collecting data related to European countries education systems to determine the status of education system in Turkey will be accurate approach for the work to be done in process of accession to European Union. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the current status of preschool education in Turkey and in European Union member countries. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.