Evaluation of musical emotion perception and language development in children with cochlear implants


International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol.175, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 175
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2023.111753
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Cochlear implant, Language development, Montreal emotion identification test, Musical emotion perception
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: While the primary purpose of cochlear implant (CI) fitting is to improve individuals' receptive and expressive skills, musical emotion perception (MEP) is generally ignored. This study assesses the MEP and language skills (LS) of children using CI. Methods: 26 CI users and 26 matched healthy controls between the ages of 6 and 9 were included in the study. The Test of Language Development (TOLD) was applied to evaluate the LS of the participants, and the Montreal Emotion Identification Test (MEI) was applied to evaluate the MEP. Results: MEI test scores and all subtests of TOLD were statistically significantly lower in the CI group. Also, there was a statistically significant and moderate correlation between the listening subtest of TOLD and the MEI test. Conclusions: MEP and language skills are poor in children with CI. Although language skills are primarily targeted in CI performance, improving MEP should also be included in rehabilitation programs. The relationship between music and the TOLD's listening subtest may provide evidence that listening skills can be improved by paying attention to the MEP, which is frequently ignored in rehabilitation programs.