The Functions of the Copula Ol- in Expressing Apect and Tense in Turkish

Aslan S.

BILIG, no.63, pp.11-30, 2012 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.11-30
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


In this research, the aspectotemporal markers formed by copulative verb form ol- will be examined. These markers are capable of envisaging the event from different points of view and provide concrete examples for different temporal divisions. They compose varied formations of time of speech, referential time, and time of event. Structures using the copula ol-, enable both to envisage the internal structure of the event composed from terminus initialis, circus and terminus finalis, from different orientation points, and to express different aspectotemporal relations. Although, being regarded as peripheral or periphrastic markers due to being less grammaticalized, these markers not only have the capability of expressing different aspectotemporal relations that cannot be expressed by the other copulative form i-; but, they can also design unreal times. The study discusses such structures through the perspective of aspectotempora.