Mimicking TGFBI Hot-Spot Mutation Did Not Result in Any Deposit Formation in the Zebrafish Cornea


Yaylacıoğlu Tuncay F., TALİM B., DİNÇER P. R.

Current Eye Research, vol.49, no.5, pp.458-466, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02713683.2023.2298904
  • Journal Name: Current Eye Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE
  • Page Numbers: pp.458-466
  • Keywords: corneal dystrophy, CRISPR/Cas9, genome editing, TGFBI, zebrafish
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose: Mutations in transforming growth factor beta-induced (TGFBI) protein are associated with a group of corneal dystrophies (CDs), classified as TGFBI-associated CDs, characterized by deposits in the cornea. Mouse models were not proper in several aspects for modelling human disease. The goal of this study was to generate zebrafish mutants to investigate the corneal phenotype and to decide whether zebrafish could be a potential model for TGFBI-associated CDs. Methods: The conserved arginine residue, codon 117, in zebrafish tgfbi gene was targeted with Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 method. Cas9 VQR variant was used with two target-specific sgRNAs to generate mutations. The presence of mutations was evaluated by T7 Endonuclease Enzyme (T7EI) assay and the type of the mutations were evaluated by Sanger sequencing. The mutant zebrafish at 3 months and 1 year of age were investigated under the microscope for corneal opacity and eye sections were evaluated histopathologically with hematoxylin-eosin, masson-trichrome and congo red stains for corneal deposits. Results: We achieved indel variation at the target sequence that resulted in p.Ser115_Arg117delinsLeu (c. 347_353delinsT) by nonhomology mediated repair in F1. This zebrafish mutation had the potential to mimic two disease-causing mutations reported in human cases previously: R124L and R124L + del125-126. Mutant zebrafish did not show any corneal opacity or corneal deposits at 3 months and 1 year of age. Conclusion: This study generated the first zebrafish model mimicking the R124 hot spot mutation in TGFBI-associated CDs. However, evaluations even at 1 year of age did not reveal any deposits in the cornea histopathologically. This study increased the cautions for modelling TGFBI-associated CDs in zebrafish in addition to differences in the corneal structure between zebrafish and humans.