The purpose of this study is to analyze the social skills of six-year-old children living in institutions and six-year-old children living with their family with respect to the variable of gender. The sample group of the study consists of 57 children in need of protection and 57 children living with their family, all dwelling in Istanbul or Ankara. The social skills of the children were evaluated through the Social Skills Form for Six-Year-Old Children. The form was developed by the researcher. In addition, the Personal Inquiry Form was used to collect demographic data about the children. Group leaders completed the Social Skills Form for the children living in institutions and nursery school teachers completed it for the children living with their family.