Direct Pulp Capping of Primary Molars with Calcium Hydroxide or MTA Following Hemorrhage Control with Different Medicaments: Randomized Clinical Trial


Canoglu E., Gungor H. C. , UYSAL S.

PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, vol.44, no.3, pp.167-173, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-173
  • Keywords: DIRECT PULP CAPPING, PRIMARY TEETH, FERRIC SULFATE, SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE, MTA, MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE, SODIUM-HYPOCHLORITE, PRIMARY TEETH, PULPOTOMIES, ADHESIVE, RESTORATIONS, HEMOSTASIS, COMPOSITE, THERAPY
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different medicaments (sterile saline PI ferric sulfate IFS]; or sodium hypochlorite (SHP and pulp cupping materials (calcium hydroxide ICH] or mineral trioxide aggregate NITA]) on the success of direct pulp cupping (DPC) in primary molars. Methods: The study was conducted with 55 children aged four to eight years. A total of 118 teeth, in which occlusal caries removal resulted in pulp exposure, were treated with DPC across six groups: SS-i-CH; FS-i-CH; SH+CH; S5+MTA; FS+MTA; and SH+MTA. Teeth were restored with Class I composite resin. Results: After two years, the overall clinical and radio graphical success for DPC were 94.1 percent (111 out of 118 teeth) and 88.9 percent (105 out of 118 teeth), respectively. The clinical and rudiogrciphical success, respectively, for hemorrhage control medicaments were 92.1 percent and 89.5 percent for SS, 92.5 percent and 82.5 percent for FS, 975 percent, and 95.0 percent for SH (P>0.05). Internal resorption was significantly higher in the FS+CH group when compared to other groups (P<0.05). MTA had significantly higher success than CH for clinical (98.3 percent versus 89.7 percent) and radiographical success (983 percent versus 793 percent) (P<0.05, each comparison). Conclusions: For primary molars with occlusal curies and less than one-mm exposure sites, these findings suggest that direct pulp capping with MTA following hemorrhage control with the tested solutions offers a more predictable outcome compared to CH. Further, the findings of this study indicate an increased risk for internal resorption when F5 and CH ore used for DPC.