Alkaline series related to Early-Middle Miocene intra-continental rifting in a collision zone: An example from Polati, Central Anatolia, Turkey

TEMEL A. , YURUR T., ALICI P., Varol E., GOURGAUD A., BELLON H., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, cilt.38, ss.289-306, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2009.12.017
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.289-306


A large volcanic area (similar to 7600 km(2)), the Galatean Volcanic Province (GVP), developed in northwest Central Anatolia during the Miocene along the Neo-Tethys Ocean suture zone possibly by post-collisional processes The GVP mainly comprises 20-14 My old acid to intermediate volcanites with a geochemical signature indicating a mantle source modified by earlier (Late Cretaceous) subduction-related events 100 km south of the GVP, near Polatli, Ankara. basaltic rocks that cover large areas are intercalated with the Miocene deposits of the Beypazari basin. an int ra-continental subsidence zone at the southwest of the GVP. Field observations, geochemistry and K-Ar age dating of the Polath volcanites show that they are Early (19.9 Ma) to mid (14 1 Ma) Miocene in age, covering an area as large as 215 km(2). Variations in lava thickness and the thickness of the underlying silicified/baked zones suggest that the basaltic lavas erupted from a southern source, possibly from the Eskisehir fault zone, and flowed northwards. Most Polath samples have chemical compositions that indicate derivation front a mantle source with crustal contamination during ascent They do not display any characteristic to suggest a subducttonal component. Although the GVP and Polath lavas formed close in time and space, they were derived from different mantle sources Considering the positions of these two magmatic regions with regard to the Tethyan suture zone, we propose that the mantle beneath the GVP and near the suture zone memorised the earlier subduction while the mantle beneath Polath that is located about 100 km further from the suture zone remained apparently unchanged After a significant volume of magma was consumed in the GVP, a later (similar to 10 My) and last activity (Guvem activity) has produced quantitatively much less basaltic rocks where this subductional signature seems to completely disappear. Considering that the western Anatolian crust is proposed to undergo extension since the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene times, the Early Miocene intraplate Polath activity may have developed within this extensional tectonic regime Combined with regional data, Polath data also provide broad estimations on how long a subductional event continues to modify the mantle after the subduction ceased (at least 20 My), how long the subductional signature is preserved during significant magmatism (between 6 and 10 My) and how far the subductional effect disappears laterally on the mantle with respect to the collision zone (<100 km) (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved