Investigation of serotonin receptors in the isolated penile bulb of rats

Soydan G., TEKES E., TUNCER M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPOTENCE RESEARCH, vol.18, no.6, pp.510-516, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The aim of this study was to investigate serotonin (5-HT) receptors in the penile bulb, which have been suggested to play a role in penile erection. Serotonin (10(-7)-3 x 10(-4) M) contracted penile bulbs in a concentration-dependent manner. Ketanserin (5-HT2A antagonist, 10(-9)-10(-7) M) and prazosin (alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor blocker, 10(-9)-10(-7) M) suppressed the lower and upper parts of concentration -response curves to 5-HT, respectively. Guanethidine (adrenergic neuron blocker, 5 x 10(-5) M) reduced the responses to 5-HT at only 10(-4) and 3 x 10(-4) M concentrations. NAN-190 (5-HT1A antagonist, 10(-8), 10(-7) M) shifted the concentration-response curve to the right with a reduction in the maximum response to 5-HT. While ondansetron (5-HT3 antagonist, 10(-6)-10(-5) M) and GR55562 (5-HT1B/1D antagonist, 10(-6)-10(-5) M) had no effect on the concentration-response curve to 5-HT. The 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT (10(-7)-3 x 10(-4) M) contracted penile bulbs in a concentration-dependent manner with a lower pD(2) value than that of 5-HT. Sumatriptan (5-HT1B/1D agonist, 10(-8)-10(-4) M) did not produce any contractile response in the penile bulbs. Prucalopride, a selective 5-HT4 agonist (R093877, 10(-7)-3 x 10(-4) M) produced concentration-dependent relaxation in penile bulbs contracted by phenylephrine (10(-5) M). 5-HT4 agonists cisapride (10(-7)-10(-4) M) and metoclopramide (10(-7)-3 x 10(-4) M) also relaxed the tissue, concentration-dependently. Selective 5-HT4 antagonists GR125487 (10(-6)-10(-5) M) and GR113808 (10(-6)-10(-5) M) slightly, but not significantly, decreased prucalopride- and cisapride-induced relaxation. Propranolol (beta-adrenergic receptor blocker, 10(-6)-10(-5) M) and L-NOARG (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, 10(-4) M) had no effect on prucalopride- induced relaxation. These results suggest the existence of alpha(1)-adrenergic, 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A serotonergic receptors in the penile bulb of rats, which are responsible for 5-HT-induced contraction. Additionally, a serotonergic receptor resembling a 5-HT4-type plays a role in the relaxation. The latter receptor is activated by 5-HT4 agonists, but is not antagonized by 5-HT4 antagonists.