Cervicovaginal Bacillus velezensis Isolate: A Potential Probiotic and an Antagonist Against Candida and Staphylococcus


Current Microbiology, vol.80, no.10, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00284-023-03447-1
  • Journal Name: Current Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The cervicovaginal microbiota is an essential aspect of women’s reproductive and overall health. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the probiotic properties of a cervicovaginal isolate, obtained from a gynecologically healthy woman and assess its antagonistic effect against various microorganisms isolated from the vagina. Cytological examination was performed using Papanicolaou staining, and the isolated microorganism was identified via 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Sequence Analysis. Probiotic characteristics were evaluated by determining the tolerance of the isolate to low pH, different NaCl concentrations, and bile salts. Bacterial adherence to stainless steel sheets, antibiotic susceptibility, and antimicrobial activity tests were also conducted and analyzed. Antimicrobial tests and antagonistic activities were assessed through disc diffusion assays. The cervicovaginal isolate was identified as B. velezensis ON116948 and was found to be tolerant to low pH, high NaCl and 0.3% bile salts. Additionally, it exhibited adherence. With the exception of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMC) (30 μg) and oxacillin (OX) (1 μg), this isolate was susceptible to all the antibiotics tested. Candida species did not grow on B. velezensis spread media, while B. velezensis was able to grow on C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. tropicalis, S. condimenti and S. epidermidis spread media with growth zones of 13.7 ± 0.6, 13.3 ± 0.6, 14.2 ± 4.4, 10.5 ± 0.5 and 16.0 ± 1.0 (around discs), respectively. Our findings suggest that the cervicovaginal B. velezensis ON116948 isolate exhibits probiotic properties and antagonistic activity. These results provide important insights into the potential use of this isolate as a probiotic for the prevention of vaginal infections.