Oriented fibrous poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) matrices with nanotopographic features: Production and characterization


Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol.672, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 672
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2023.131667
  • Journal Name: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Breath figure (BF), Electrospinning, Nanotopography, Non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS), Poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate), Thermally-induced phase separation (TIPS), Vapor-induced phase separation (VIPS)
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This is the first study to systematically investigate the effectiveness of electrospinning parameters and solvent properties on the random and aligned poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) fiber surface nanotopography. Therefore, the combinations of three groups of solvents, good solvents, and a non-solvent, were used. While THF (tetrahydrofuran), HFIP (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol) and DCM (dichloromethane) were selected as good solvents, DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide) was chosen as a non-solvent. Four different phase separation mechanisms, non-solvent-induced phase separation (NIPS), vapor-induced phase separation (VIPS), breath figure (BF), and thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) mechanisms, were applied to create roughness on the fiber surfaces. Smooth, porous and groove surfaces with average fiber diameters in the range of about 800–2000 nm were obtained at different electrospinning conditions by these phase separation mechanisms. Porous random fibers with a few small pores were obtained by NIPS in the presence of THF/DMSO, while corrugated random fibers were produced by VIPS with DCM/HFIP. The groove roughness on the aligned THF/DMSO and aligned DCM/HFIP fibers was achieved by the TIPS mechanism thanks to the rapid evaporation rate of THF and HFIP. The most porous fibers were obtained in the presence of moisture with a good solvent mixture of DCM/HFIP. The results of this investigation show that the use of good and non-solvents together with moisture control affected not only the topography of fibrous matrices but also the bulk characteristics of PBAT nanofibrous matrices.