Biodegradable bromocryptine mesylate microspheres prepared by a solvent evaporation technique. I: Evaluation of formulation variables on microspheres characteristics for brain delivery

Arica B., Kas H., Orman M., Hincal A.

JOURNAL OF MICROENCAPSULATION, vol.19, no.4, pp.473-484, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/02652040210144216
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.473-484
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to formulate biodegradable microspheres containing an anti-parkinsonian agent, bromocryptine mesylate, for brain delivery. The effect of formulation parameters (e. g. polymer, emulsifying agent type and concentration) on the characteristics of the microspheres produced, the efficiency of drug encapsulation, the particle size distribution and in vitro drug release rates from the bromocryptine mesylate microspheres were investigated using a 3(2) factorial design. Bromocryptine mesylate was encapsulated into biodegradable polymers using the following three different polymers; poly(L-lactide), poly(D,L-lactide) and poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide). The SEM photomicrographs showed that the morphology of the microspheres greatly depended on the polymer and emulsifying agent. The results indicate that, regardless of the polymer type, increase in emulsifying agent concentration from 0.25-0.75% w/v markedly decreases the particle size of the microspheres. Determination of particle size revealed that the use of 0.75% w/v of emulsifying agent concentration and a polymer solution concentration of 10% w/v resulted in optimum particle size. In order to prepare biodegradable microspheres with high drug content and small particle size, selection of polymer concentration as well as emulsifying agent concentration is critical. Polymer type has a less pronounced effect on the percentage encapsulation efficiency and particle size of microspheres than on the t(50%). The microspheres prepared by all three polymers, at a polymer concentration of 10% w/v and an emulsifying agent concentration of 0.75% w/v with NaCMC:SO (4:1, w/v) mixture was as the optimum formulation.