The validity and reliability of Turkish version of the children's home inventory for listening difficulties–(C.H.I.L.D) questionnaire


Cochlear Implants International, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14670100.2024.2304468
  • Journal Name: Cochlear Implants International
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Children, Listening Difficulties, Validity and Reliability
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Children's Home Inventory for Listening Difficulties–(C.H.I.L.D) questionnaire. Methods: The study included 121 children with cochlear implants and their families aged 3-12 years and 171 children with normal hearing and their families. Confirmatory factor analysis (C.F.A.) was used to assess construct validity, Cronbach's alpha was used to analyze internal consistency and test-retest reliability was also investigated. Results: The reliability coefficients of the entire C.H.I.L.D family member (C.H.I.L.D-FM) and children version (C.H.I.L.D-C) were 0.983, 0.978, and Cronbach's coefficients were 0.992, 0.992, and the corrected item-total correlations increased from 0.989 to 0.994 and from 0.988 to 0.994, respectively. The scale's construct validity was excellent, according to the CFA analyses. The goodness-of-fit indexes (for the parent's version 0.892 and for the child's version 0.867) demonstrated a good fit for the single-factor construct, with only the normed fit index revealing an acceptable fit. Conclusion: The Turkish version of the C.H.I.L.D is a reliable and valid evaluation test for children and their family members.