Objective: Gender dysphoria refers to the experienced discomfort related to the incongruence between gender identity and the sex assigned at birth. Current treatment approach for this clinical condition is gender affirmation procedures. International guidelines about gender affirmation do not recommend routine genetic evaluation. In Turkey, provision of health insurance for medical expenses incurred by these procedures requires genetic consultation which frequently involves chromosome analysis (karyotyping). However, the contribution of routine chromosome analysis to the assessment and management of gender dysphoria is not established. This study aims to mess the results of chromosome analysis and its effect on the management of gender dysphoria.