Strengthen adhesion between zirconia and resin cement using different surface modifications

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Akay C., Tanis M. C., Şen M., Kavaklı P.

International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, vol.16, no.3, pp.917-922, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijac.13168
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.917-922
  • Keywords: adhesion, bond strength, gas-phase fluorination, nano-alumina coating, surface treatment, zirconia, GAS-PHASE FLUORINATION, BOND STRENGTH, MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGE, OXIDE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this research was to assess the influence of different surface modifications on the bond strength between resin cement and zirconia ceramics. Eighty-four zirconium samples were prepared. Four different surface treatments were applied; nano-alumina coating, 2 minutes gas-phase fluorination, 50 mu m alumina airborne-particle abrasion, and 50 mu m airborne-particle abrasion + 2 minutes gas-phase fluorination. Then specimens were bonded to resin cement. Half of the samples were then incubated in 37 degrees C distilled water for 24 hours. The remaining samples were subjected to thermocycling for 5000 cycles. Shear-bond strength testing was applied at a cross head speed of 5 mm/s. Two-way ANOVA was used in comparison between groups. There is a significant difference between the groups with 5000 cycles and the groups with 24 hours of water cycling. The highest shear-bond strength values were observed in the groups with airborne-particle abrasion + 2 minutes fluorination (27.57 MPa) and nano-alumina coating (26.45 MPa) which were not subjected to thermal cycling. Nano-alumina coating of the zirconia surface and the 2 minutes gas-phase fluorination method following airborne-particle abrasion process increased bond strength between resin cement and zirconia.