Surface plasmon resonance sensors for real-time detection of cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies


JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, vol.53, no.9, pp.585-594, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors have been used for detection of various biomolecules because of their simplicity, high specificity and sensitivity, real-time detection, low cost, and no requirement of labeling. Recently, molecularly imprinted polymers that are easy to prepare, less expensive, stable, have talent for molecular recognition and also are used for creation selective binding sites for target molecule on the SPR sensors. Here, we show that preparation of cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP) imprinted SPR sensor to detect CCP antibodies. For this purpose, anti-CCP/AAm pre-complex was synthesized by interacting acrylamide (AAm) monomer with anti-CCP. Then, anti-CCP imprinted (anti-CCP/PAAm) SPR sensor was obtained by reacting with anti-CCP/AAm pre-complex in the presence of the crosslinker, and initiator/activator pair. Besides this, non-imprinted (PAAm) SPR sensor was also prepared without using anti-CCP template. The SPR sensors were characterized and then adsorption-desorption studies were performed with pH 7.0 phosphate buffer (10mM) and acetic acid (10%) with Tween 20 (1%) in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer. Selectivitiy of sensors was investigated by using immunoglobulin M (IgM) and bovine serum albumin (BSA). To determine the adsorption model of interactions between anti-CCP solutions and anti-CCP/PAAm SPR sensor, different adsorption models were performed. The calculated maximum reflection, detection limit, association and dissociation constants were 1.079RU/mL, 0.177RU/mL, 0.589RU/mL and 1.697mL/RU, respectively. Repeatability experiments of anti-CCP/PAAm SPR sensor was performed four times with adsorption-desorption-regeneration cycles without any performance losing. Results showed that anti-CCP/PAAm SPR sensor had high selectivity and sensitivity for detection of CCP antibodies.