Preparation of decellularized optic nerve grafts


Topuz B., AYDIN H. M.

ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/aor.14098
  • Journal Name: ARTIFICIAL ORGANS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: central nervous system, decellularization, optic nerve, tissue engineering, HYDROGEL, REPAIR, REGENERATION, DETERGENTS, SCAFFOLDS, INJURY

Abstract

Background Decellularized tissues based on well-conserved extracellular matrices (ECMs) are a common area of research in tissue engineering. Although several decellularization protocols have been suggested for several types of tissues, studies on the optic nerve have been limited. Methods We report decellularization protocol with different detergent for the preparation of acellular optic nerve and tissues were examined. DNA, glycosaminoglycan (GAG), and collagen content of the groups were evaluated with biochemical analyses and examined with histological staining. Mechanical properties, chemical components as well as cytotoxic properties of tissues were compared. Results According to the results, it was determined that TX-100 (Triton X-100) was insufficient in decellularization when used alone. In addition, it was noticed that 85% of GAG content was preserved by using TX-100 and TX-100-SD (sodium deoxycholate), while this ratio was calculated as 30% for SDS. In contrast, the effect of the decellularization protocols on ECM structure of the tissues was evaluated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) and determined their mechanical properties. Cytotoxicity analyses were exhibited minimum 95% cell viability for all groups, suggesting that there are no cytotoxic properties of the methods on L929 mouse fibroblast cells. Conclusions The combination of TX-100-SD and TX-100-SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) were was determined as the most effective methods to the literature for optic nerve decellularization.