The Role of Muscle Ultrasonography to Diagnose Malnutrition and Sarcopenia in Maintenance Hemodialysis

Güner M., GİRGİN S., CEYLAN S., ÖZCAN B., Öztürk Y., OKYAR BAŞ A., ...More

Journal of Renal Nutrition, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1053/j.jrn.2023.12.001
  • Journal Name: Journal of Renal Nutrition
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: maintenance hemodialysis, malnutrition, muscle ultrasound, sarcopenia
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Sarcopenia and malnutrition are commonly seen and fundamental indicators of prognosis and are directly associated with increased mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. We aimed to reveal the frequency of malnutrition and sarcopenia in patients undergoing MHD and investigate the role of muscle ultrasound (US) parameters to predict sarcopenia and malnutrition. Methods: A total of 45 patients who have undertaken MHD for more than 6 months three times a week were evaluated for the present study. The US measurement was performed on gastrocnemius medialis, rectus femoris (RF), and abdominal muscles, including rectus abdominis, external oblique abdominalis, internal oblique abdominalis, and transversus abdominis. Nutritional status of the participants was assessed by mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF). Results: The prevalence of probable and confirmed sarcopenia was 51.1% (n = 23) and 35.6% (n = 16), respectively. The malnutrition and risk of malnutrition were observed in 31.1% of the whole study population (n = 14). All muscle US measurements were lower in the sarcopenic group; however, the difference is meaningful only for RF cross-sectional area (CSA) (P = .046). The malnourished group had substantially lower muscle thickness and CSA, except for the gastrocnemius muscle thickness. The value of RFCSA to predict sarcopenia and malnutrition was observed as 4.61 cm2, respectively (P < .05). RFCSA was independently associated with sarcopenia (odds ratio: 0.37; 95% confidence interval: 0.17-0.79; P = .011) and malnutrition (odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.23-0.87; P = .017). Conclusion: RFCSA may be a useful and simple predictor for predicting patients undergoing hemodialysis who are at risk of sarcopenia and malnutrition.