Prenatal diagnosis of mosaicism identified in amniotic fluid cell cultures


Sahin F. I., Yilmaz Z., Uckuyu A., Ozalp O., Tarim E., Deren O., ...More

GENETIC COUNSELING, vol.17, no.3, pp.341-348, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Journal Name: GENETIC COUNSELING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.341-348
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Chromosomal mosaicism in prenatal diagnosis is an important problem to be solved immediately and the probable phenotypic reflections should be explained to the family. We report two numerical and two structural mosaicisms detected in amniocyte cultures. The first fetus had a 47,XY,+mar[10]/46,XY[10] karyotype. The marker chromosome was shown to be derived from chromosome 15 by FISH method. The newborn had intrauterine growth retardation and cerebral thrombosis and died at the 29(th) day of age. The second fetus had a 45,X[4]/46,XX[26] karyotype. The parents refused cordocentesis and decided to terminate pregnancy in the 21(st) week. The third case, presented with bilateral large choroid plexus cysts, had-a 46,XX, dup(1)(q22-q32)[9]/46,XX[21] karyotype. The parents' karyotypes were normal and the pregnancy was aborted in the 23(rd) week of gestation. The second structural abnormality was reported as 46,XX,t(6;11)(q23; p13)[3]/46,XX[20]. The mosaicism was detected in only one flask. The parents decided to continue pregnancy and cordocentesis could not be performed due to the fetal and placental position. The baby was born at term. Peripheral blood lymphocyte culture resulted in a 46,XX normal karyotype. Information and risks were explained to all families during genetic counseling. Mosaicism in prenatal diagnosis needs both detailed examination and follow up, since clinical findings depend on the type of abnormality.