At the beginning of the 1980s, when the state of welfare declined and liberal economy disguised, so-called neoliberal politics flourished in both developing and developed countries. In this context, the year 1980, in which neoliberal policies emerged, has been chosen as the initial year for the assessment of health and social expenditures in the case of Turkey. The reason for the selection of health and social expenditures in the study is to reflect the perspective of social work on the assessment to be made using OECD data. In this regard, the aim of this study is to make a retrospective and comparative examination of the health and social expenditures of Turkey using OECD data from the perspective of social work. This study is also important in terms of being the first comparative retrospective research in Turkish social work literature.