Definitions of bullying: Age and sex differences in a Turkish sample


UÇANOK Z. , Smith P. K. , Karasoy D. S.

ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, cilt.14, sa.1, ss.75-83, 2011 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1467-839x.2010.01334.x
  • Dergi Adı: ASIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.75-83

Özet

The aim of the present study was to investigate the meaning profile of the Turkish term 'zorbalik', which is considered the most similar to the English word 'bullying', and of five other terms in Turkish that describe bullying-like behaviours. We used the cartoon methodology of a previous study, but with an expanded task of 40 stick-figure cartoons. These cartoons were shown to 124 students (70 girls and 54 boys), in fourth grade (M = 9.3 years) and eighth grade (M = 13.3 years). Our findings indicated four major clusters: neutral or non-aggressive, physically aggressive, verbally aggressive, and social exclusion, with the physically-aggressive cluster splitting into two clusters, physical bullying and other physical aggression, in the older students.