European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine, vol.54, no.3, pp.469-485, 2018 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
Upper extremity, Muscle spasticity, Innervation, Ultrasonography, Botulinum toxins, NERVE DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS, NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKADE, ANATOMIC LOCALIZATION, SUBSCAPULARIS MUSCLE, MOTOR POINTS, COMPARTMENT, FOREARM
Hacettepe University Affiliated:
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal upper limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the upper limb and the shoulder girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the US imaging of several muscles. The figures have been organized to orient the readers on the innervation, injection sites, probe positioning and the US images simultaneously.