Paediatric appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours: a review of 33 cases from a single center


YALÇIN B., KARNAK İ., ORHAN D., OĞUZ B., Aydin B., KURUCU N., ...More

ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, vol.92, no.4, pp.742-746, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 92 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ans.17284
  • Journal Name: ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.742-746
  • Keywords: appendix, carcinoid, children, management, neuroendocrine tumours, CARCINOID-TUMORS, SURGICAL-MANAGEMENT, CHILDREN, EXPERIENCE, ADOLESCENTS, CHILDHOOD, ILEUM
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background Appendiceal neurendocrine tumours (NETs) are rare neoplasms and diagnosis is commonly incidental following appendectomy. We aimed to review our experience with appendiceal NETs. Methods Records of children with appendiceal NETs were reviewed and data concerning demographic characteristics, clinical findings, surgical procedures, histopathological findings, management and outcomes were recorded. Results Between 1985 and 2021, 33 cases with appendiceal NETs (median age 11.8 years, range 7.8-16; male/female = 10/23) were identified. All but one patients presented with abdominal pain, six had vomiting, four had fever and they underwent appendectomies with presumed diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Abscess drainage and appendectomy was performed in a 16-year-old girl for suspected right ovarian mass, and tumour was positive in the omentum. Histopathological diagnosis was classical carcinoid tumour (NET) in all cases. Median tumour size was 0.9 cm (n = 26, range, 0.1-3.5 cm); tumours were <= 1 cm in 19 cases, 2 cm in one, 3.5 cm in another case. Tumours were located in the tip (n = 11), body (n = 6) and base of appendix (n = 1) (in others data unavailable). In 28 patients with data, tumour extended to submucosa in five, to tunica muscularis in seven, to subserosa in six, to serosa in six, to mesoappendix in three, to periappendiceal fat in one. Three cases were lost to follow-up, 31 cases were alive (median follow-up 53 months). Conclusions Paediatric appendiceal NETs do not behave aggressively and appendectomy alone is sufficient for tumours <= 2 cm regardless of local invasion. The need for further extensive surgery in tumours >2 cm also remains controversial.