A follow-up study of metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia

Yoca G., ANIL YAĞCIOĞLU A. E., Eni N., KARAHAN S., TÜRKOĞLU İ., Akal Yıldız E., ...More

European Archives Of Psychiatry And Clinical Neuroscience, vol.270, pp.611-618, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 270
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00406-019-01016-x
  • Journal Name: European Archives Of Psychiatry And Clinical Neuroscience
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.611-618
  • Keywords: Schizophrenia, Metabolic syndrome, Prevalence, Follow-up, Physical activity, Nutritional status, RISK-FACTORS, MORTALITY, RELIABILITY, PREVALENCE, VETERANS, VALIDITY, DISEASE, HEALTH, COHORT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in schizophrenia patients is increasing worldwide. The aim of the current study was to examine the progress of MetS in a schizophrenia cohort we had previously investigated and determine the role of various related factors, including sociodemographic and clinical variables, nutritional status and physical activity. Of the 319 patients investigated in the first study, 149 patients agreed to be included in the follow-up. Physical measurements and laboratory tests were performed in addition to evaluations with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser Side Effects Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, 24 h dietary recall method and Nutrition Information Systems Package Program. According to the ATPIII, ATPIIIA and IDF criteria, the MetS prevalences had increased from 35.6 to 44.3%, 38.9 to 53% and 43.6 to 55.7%, respectively. Patients with MetS had a shorter period of hospitalization and a higher UKU total side effects score, and most of them were married or divorced/widowed. Patients with MetS also had a higher daily consumption of added sugar, cholesterol, polyunsaturated fatty acids and omega 3 fatty acid, and the daily added sugar intake was found to be related to the increase in MetS. Unexpectedly, the physical activity level was not found to significantly differ in the patients with and without MetS. In conclusion, the MetS prevalence was found to be increased among schizophrenia patients over time, and the increase in the young age group was particularly striking. Among all of the factors investigated, nutritional status was found to play a major role in this increased prevalence.