Facile One-Pot Method for All Aqueous Green Formation of Biocompatible Silk Fibroin-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Fibers for Use in Tissue Engineering

Heseltine P. L., BAYRAM C., GÜLTEKİNOĞLU BAYRAM M., Homer-Vanniasinkam S., ULUBAYRAM K., Edirisinghe M.

ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, vol.8, no.3, pp.1290-1300, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c01555
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1290-1300
  • Keywords: pressurized gyration, silk fi broin, PEO, aqueous, biocompatible, bone tissue, green chemistry, BOMBYX-MORI SILK, FIBROIN, FABRICATION, NANOFIBERS, BIOMATERIALS, REGENERATION, SPUN
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Silk fibroin (SF) fibers are highly regarded in tissue engineering because of their outstanding biocompatibility and tunable properties. A challenge remains in overcoming the trade-off between functioning and biocompatible fibers and the use of cytotoxic, environmentally harmful organic solvents in their processing and formation. The aim of this research was to produce biocompatible SF fibers without the use of cytotoxic solvents, via pressurized gyration (PG). Aqueous SF was blended with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) in ratios of 80:20 (labeled SF-PEO 80:20) and 90:10 (labeled SF-PEO 90:10) and spun into fibers using PG, assisted by a range of applied pressures and heat. Pure PEO (labeled PEO-Aq) and SF solubilized in hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) (labeled SF-HFIP) and aqueous SF (labeled SF-Aq) were also prepared for comparison. The resulting fibers were characterized using SEM, TGA, and FTIR. Their in vitro cell behavior was analyzed using a Live/Dead assay and cell proliferation studies with the SaOS-2 human bone osteosarcoma cell line (ATCC, HTB-85) and human fetal osteoblast cells (hFob) (ATCC, CRL-11372) in 2D culture conditions. Fibers in the micrometer range were successfully produced using SF-PEO blends, SF-HFIP, and PEO-Aq. The fiber thickness ranged from 0.71 +/- 0.17 mu m for fibers produced using SF-PEO 90:10 with no applied pressure to 2.10 +/- 0.78 mu m for fibers produced using SF-PEO 80:10 with 0.3 MPa applied pressure. FTIR confirmed the presence of SF via amide I and amide II bands in the blend fibers because of a change in structural conformation. No difference was observed in thermogravimetric properties among varying pressures and no significant difference in fiber diameters for pressures. SaOS-2 cells and hFOb cell studies demonstrated higher cell densities and greater live cells on SF-PEO blends when compared to SF-HFIP. This research demonstrates a scalable and green method of producing SF-based constructs for use in bone-tissue engineering applications.