Acute Pancreatitis and Acute Recurrent Pancreatitis in Children: Imaging Findings and Outcomes


AYAZ E., ÖZCAN H. N., Gülşen H. H., Yavuz Ö. Ö., SEBER T., GÜMÜŞ E., ...More

Turkish Archives of Pediatrics, vol.58, no.1, pp.89-97, 2023 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/turkarchpediatr.2022.22130
  • Journal Name: Turkish Archives of Pediatrics
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-97
  • Keywords: Acute pancreatitis, biliary tract anomalies, computed tomography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, magnetic resonance imaging, pseudocyst, ultrasound, walled-off-necrosis
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2023, AVES. All rights reserved.Objective: The prevalence of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis in children has increased over the years, and there are limited data about imaging findings. This study aimed to reveal the imaging findings of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis in children at a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: The patients with acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2018 were included. Demographic and clinical features, follow-up period, and interventions were noted. Imaging features were evaluated for pancreatic enlargement, peripancreatic fluid, and biliary ducts for initial examination and pancreas parenchymal necrosis, peripancreatic collection, walled-off necrosis, pseudocyst, parenchymal atrophy, and biliary ductal dilatation for follow-up. Results: The study included 74 patients with a mean age of 9 ± 4.9 years. The most com-mon causes of acute pancreatitis and acute recurrent pancreatitis were biliary tract anomalies (n = 21), biliary ductal stones (n = 9), and cystic fibrosis (n = 8). Findings consistent with acute pancreatitis were determined by ultrasound in 40.5% (n = 30/74), whereas by magnetic resonance imaging in 60% (n = 39/65). Forty-one percent of the patients (n = 16) with positive magnetic resonance imaging findings did not show any findings on ultrasound. Acute recurrent pancreatitis was seen in 32 patients (43.2%). Follow-up imaging was performed in 55 patients (74.3%) between 2 months and 11 years. At follow-up, 8 patients had peripancreatic collections (6 walled-off necrosis and 2 pseudocysts). Conclusion: Recognizing the imaging findings of acute pancreatitis and its complications is crucial. Magnetic resonance imaging should be preferred as a second option following ultra-sound, with the advantages of biliary ductal system delineation and better characterization of complications.