Agreement Between Integrated Management of Childhood Illness and Final Diagnosis in Acute Respiratory Tract Infections

YALÇIN S. S., Ozdemir B., Ozdemir S., Baskin E.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, vol.85, no.12, pp.1086-1089, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12098-018-2637-9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1086-1089
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


ObjectiveTo evaluate the agreement between integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) and final diagnosis in patients presenting with cough at the second and third level health institutions.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 373 children aged 2-60 mo who presented with cough at the pediatric emergency and outpatient clinics in the Department of Pediatrics. After clinical examination of children, body temperature, respiratory rate, saturation, presence or absence of the chest indrawing, rales, wheezing and laryngeal stridor were recorded. Cases were categorized according to IMCI algorithm regarding the severity using the color code, such as red (urgent treatment), yellow (treatment in the hospital), or green (treatment at home). Final diagnosis after physical examination, laboratory analysis and chest X-ray was compared with the IMCI algorithm.ResultsStudy agreement between IMCI classification and final diagnosis was 74.3% with kappa value 0.55 (moderate agreement). Similar agreement values were detected in both the second and third level health institutions. Health condition and gender did not affect agreement value. Agreement were found to be high in patients <24 mo of age (?=0.67), presence of fever and cough (?=0.54), tachypnea (?=0.93), chest indrawing (?=1.00) and oxygen saturation of <94%(?=0.90).ConclusionsAdding saturation level to the IMCI algorithmic diagnosis may increase agreement between IMCI classification and final diagnosis.