Objective: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is an uncommon cause of infantile respiratory distress. It is diagnosed on the basis of evidence of lobar overaeration, mediastinal shift, and compression of the adjacent lobe. Concomitant congenital heart disease (CHD) and CLE is not uncommon. In the literature a 12% to 20% concomitance rate is given. The optimal treatment of respiratory symptoms associated with CLE and CHD is not clear; however, there has been a great deal of progress in the treatment of CLE and CHD. The aim of this study was to evaluate a clinical experience with and long-term follow-up of the surgical treatment of 13 patients with concomitant CLE and CHD.