Superporous polyacrylate/chitosan IPN hydrogels for protein delivery

GÜMÜŞDERELİOĞLU M., Erce D., Demirtas T. T.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE, vol.22, no.11, pp.2467-2475, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


In this study, poly(acrylamide), poly(AAm), and poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid), poly(AAm-co-AA) superporous hydrogels (SPHs) were synthesized by radical polymerization in the presence of gas blowing agent, sodium bicarbonate. In addition, ionically crosslinked chitosan (CH) superporous hydrogels were synthesized to form interpenetrating superporous hydrogels, i.e. poly (AAm)-CH and poly(AAm-co-AA)-CH SPH-IPNs. The hydrogels have a structure of interconnected pores with pore sizes of approximately 100-150 mu m. Although the extent of swelling increased when AA were incorporated to the poly(AAm) structure, the time to reach the equilibrium swelling (similar to 30 s) was not affected so much. In the presence of chitosan network mechanical properties significantly improved when compared with SPHs, however, equilibrium swelling time (similar to 30 min) was prolonged significantly as due to the lower porosities and pore sizes of SPH-IPNs than that of SPHs. Model protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) was loaded into SPHs and SPH-IPNs by solvent sorption in very short time (<1 h) and very high capacities (similar to 30-300 mg BSA/g dry gel) when compared to conventional hydrogels. BSA release profiles from SPHs and SPH-IPNs were characterized by an initial burst of protein during the first 20 min followed by a completed release within 1 h. However, total releasable amount of BSA from SPH-IPNs was lower than that of SPHs as due to the electrostatic interactions between chitosan and BSA.