A new one-dimensional Zn(II)-cyanide complex with 1-methylimidazole ligand, [Zn(mu-CN)(CN)(1-meim)](n) (1-meim: 1-methylimidazole) has been synthesized and characterized by spectral (FT-IR and Raman) methods, elemental analysis, thermal (TG, DTG and DTA) analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The complex crystallizes in the monoclinic system, P2(1) space group. The asymmetric unit contains one Zn(II), one 1-meim and two cyanide ligands. The coordination sphere of the Zn(II) ion exhibits a distorted tetrahedral geometry. In the crystal structure, the symmetry related zinc(II) atoms are bridged by the cyanide anions to form one dimensional chains running along the b-axis. Intermolecular C-H center dot center dot center dot N hydrogen bonds link the adjacent polynuclear chains forming two dimensional layers through the R-18(18) (2) ring motifs, where the layers formed are oriented in parallel to (020).