The temperature-induced structural modifications of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogel (pNIPA) were investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) over a broad range of q values (3.5 x 10(-2)-12 nm(-1)) at temperatures ranging between 18 and 37 degrees C. The sample Studied was claborated by cryopolymerization yielding a macroporous gel (cryogel). The pNIPA gel forms the walls (the thickness at 23 degrees C is about 12 mu m). The SAXS curves display an isoscattering (or isosbestic) point located at q(iso) = 3.633 nm(-1) and disappearingabovc 30 degrees C. This feature has never been reported up to now. The SAXS curves obtained at each temperature are well fitted by a sum of four equations describing respectively the scattering resulting from the gel surface (power law), from the solidlike (Guinier equation) and liquidlike (Ornstein - Zernike equation) heterogeneities, and from the chain-chain correlation yielding a broad peak (pseudo-Voigt equation) in the high-q domain. The temperature dependence of the parameters obtained from the fit is analyzed and discussed.