Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease


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SARI A., ÖNDER Ö., ARMAĞAN B., BÖLEK E. Ç. , Farisogullari B., BİLGİN E., ...More

TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, vol.52, no.1, pp.83-88, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/sag-2107-13
  • Journal Name: TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.83-88
  • Keywords: Systemic sclerosis, interstitial lung disease, pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis, CLASSIFICATION, CRITERIA, CT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background/aim: To explore the frequency and clinical associations of radiologic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). Materials and methods: In this single-center retrospective study, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images of 105 patients with SSc-ILD were examined for the presence of PPFE. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and pulmonary function test (PFT) data of patients with and without PPFE were compared. Results: PPFE was detected in 19 (18.1%) patients ('definite PPFE' in 13 and 'consistent with PPFE' in 6 patients). Patients with PPFE had higher age and longer disease duration than PPFE (-) patients (p < 0.05 for both). Radiologic usual interstitial pneumoniae (UIP) pattern was more frequent (26.3% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.01) and median force vital capacity (FVC) was lower in patients with PPFE (64% vs. 82%, p = 0.005). Spontaneous pneumothorax developed in one patient with PPFE. More deaths occured in PPFE (+) group during follow-up (31% vs. 11%, p = 0.04). Conclusion: PPFE on HRCT is not uncommon in SSc-ILD and is associated with radiologic UIP pattern and worse lung functions. Further studies are needed to elucidate the prognostic value of PPFE in SSc-ILD.