An esophageal stricture is one of the complications that may develop during cancer treatment in children. Although more commonly associated with radiotherapy, recurrent mucositis has also been implicated. Presented herein is a case of a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who suffered recurrent attacks of severe mucositis. Initial management of ensuing dysphagia included antifungal treatment for candida esophagitis. A subsequent upper endoscopy due to persistence of dysphagia revealed the presence of an esophageal stricture. Our aim in presenting this case is to emphasize the importance of considering a diagnosis of esophageal stricture in patients receiving anti-cancer treatment; early endoscopic intervention may be warranted in some patients.