Importance of clinical practice guidelines to practicing pediatric nephrologists and IPNA survey


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Hari P., Alhasan K., Bagga A., Bonilla-Felix M., Coccia P. A., DÜZOVA A., ...More

PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY, vol.36, no.11, pp.3493-3497, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Editorial Material
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00467-021-05105-9
  • Journal Name: PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.3493-3497
  • Keywords: Clinical practice guidelines, CPG, Children, Kidney, IMPLEMENTATION
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are systematically developed statements backed by scientific evidence to assist practitioners in management in clinical practice. An international cross-sectional survey was conducted by the IPNA to examine the perceptions of pediatric nephrologists on guidelines and their usage and to identify important diseases for future clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). The survey found that the majority of pediatric nephrologists find CPGs useful in clinical practice and admitted to using them most of the time. Developing CPGs is challenging and there are standards available to develop trustworthy guidelines. While evidence-based global guidelines are ideal, pediatric nephrologists expressed the desire that they address regional differences. Most respondents (89.2%) to the survey agreed that adult guidelines did not cover the pediatric perspective adequately and 71.4% opined that consensus-based pediatric guidelines can be developed when evidence for the pediatric population is lacking. The development of high-quality practice guidelines requires substantial resources and may not be feasible in resource-poor countries. Adaptation of an existing guideline has been suggested as an alternative and the ADAPTE collaboration provides a systematic approach to adapting guidelines. Several diseases where pediatric guidelines are needed as a priority including IgA and C3 glomerulopathy were identified in the survey. Implementation of guideline-based care is challenging and the survey found that lack of availability of guidelines (43%) and resources (22.8%) are important reasons for poor implementation in lower-middle and low-income countries. Perceived complexity of guidelines, physician attitudes, and lack of training also contribute to non-adherence to guidelines.