Radial ray deficiencies are frequently associated with additional clinical anomalies and have a heterogeneous aetiology. X-linked forms are extremely rare. We report a family in which four male relatives show bilateral absence of the radius with presence of the thumbs and associated anomalies. The segregation of the phenotype is suggestive for X-linked recessive inheritance. This is confirmed by performing linkage analysis using 24 markers spanning the X chromosome in which a maximum lod score of 1.93 for DXS8067 and DXS1001 is obtained. We defined a critical region of maximal 16.2 cM on the X chromosome with haplotype analysis.