Synergistic effect of e-beam irradiation and graphene oxide incorporation on thermal, mechanical, and barrier properties of poly (ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol) film

Santana J. G., AKBULUT SÖYLEMEZ M., Temperini M. L. A., Rangari V. K., Guven O., Moura E.

RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY, vol.199, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 199
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2022.110343
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: EVOH/GO films, e-beam irradiation, Tensile properties, Barrier properties, Morphology, FEG-SEM, TEM, GAS BARRIER, WATER, NANOCOMPOSITES, NANOSHEETS, COPOLYMER, TRANSPORT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Graphene and its derivatives, such as graphene oxide (GO), have attracted enormous interest from academia and industry because of its unique electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties, which can lead to enhanced material performance. In the present study, low contents of GO were incorporated into the poly (vinyl alcohol-co ethylene) (EVOH). First, the GO was prepared by chemical oxidation of graphite employing a modified Hummer's method. The GO content of 0.1-0.3 wt % was incorporated in the EVOH matrix using a twin-screw extruder and extrusion blown film process to prepare flexible films. EVOH/GO film samples were irradiated at 100 kGy, using a 1.5 MeV electron-beam accelerator, at room temperature, in the presence of air. GO was characterized by XRD, ATR-FTIR, FE-SEM, and TEM analysis. XRD patterns of GO show a sharp reflection peak at 2 theta = 10 degrees (d001) corresponding to a d-spacing at 8.84 angstrom, characteristic of GO. The non-irradiated and irradiated samples were characterized by XRD, FEG-SEM, TG, DSC, oxygen transmission rate (OTR), UV/VIS analysis, and tensile tests. EVOH/GO nanocomposite films had an improved oxygen barrier, while also retaining fairly good transparency. As an effect of e-beam irradiation, the thermal, mechanical, and barrier behaviors of the nano composite films were even better than non-irradiated film samples, and obviously better than neat EVOH. Thus, the incorporation of low contents of GO followed by e-beam radiation treatment might be an interesting alternative to produce packaging materials based on EVOH with outstanding performance even under very humid conditions.